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Responding to an intervention order (PSIO)

Being notified of a personal safety intervention order application is serious. You should read any court documents you receive.

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See the family violence intervention orders page if you are responding to an intervention order made against you by a family member, partner or ex-partner.

The police will you with a court document - called an application and - if an application for a (PSIO) has been made against you.

The application and summons will:

  • describe what the alleged has happened 
  • tell you the date of the court hearing.

If an interim order is made, the police will also serve you with a copy of the intervention order. The order will set out the rules – known as conditions – that you must follow.

If a has been issued, the police may arrest you and you to appear in court.

Going to court

It is important you go to court for the PSIO hearing. A can make an order in your absence. You should plan to be at court all day.

If you signed an and do not go to court, you may be arrested. See the bail and custody page for more information.

A judicial officer may make a final PSIO if:

  • you have committed certain behaviours – called prohibited behaviours 
  • your behaviour is likely to happen again 
  • the fears for their safety
  • you have stalked the protected person and are likely to do so again.

You can agree to a PSIO but disagree to what was said in the application. This is called consent without admission of the allegations.

A judicial officer can direct you and the other party to attend a assessment or mediation. The application is generally adjourned in these instances.

If a PSIO is made, the judicial officer will read the conditions of the order out in court. A will give you a copy of the PSIO after the hearing.

Breaking the conditions of a PSIO order is serious. You can be charged by the police and may need to go to court.


If you were not personally served with an application and summons or there were exceptional circumstances for why you did not go to the hearing, you can apply for a rehearing. 

Contact the Magistrates' Court where the PSIO was made for more information.

Contested hearings

If you disagree with the making of a PSIO, you can apply for contested hearing. The matter will be adjourned and a new hearing date set. Applications should be made in person at the Magistrates’ Court where the order was made. At the hearing, a judicial officer will hear evidence from witnesses and decide whether the PSIO should remain. If you have witnesses, you should arrange for them to be at the hearing.

Sometimes a directions hearing may occur before a contested hearing. This is a hearing that allows the court to ask for more details about the intervention order application, what the main issues are, how many witnesses may be called and how much court time is needed.

A PSIO is in effect until it expires or it is cancelled by a judicial officer. See the changing an intervention order page for more information.


Intervention order (IVO) appeals can only be made against final orders. There is no right of appeal against an interim IVO.
An appeal can be made against an order being made or the refusal to make an order.
An appeal can be made against the making of a counselling order but only by the of the IVO.

A Notice of Appeal – Form 3 must be filed with the court that made the final order within 30 days of the relevant decision.  The court will arrange for service of the appeal documents on the other party to the proceeding and file all documents with the higher court that appeal will be determined at.

Grounds for an appeal

  • Legal
  • Factual
  • Discretionary error

Where appeals are heard

Most IVO appeals are heard by the County Court of Victoria. 

IVO appeals are heard in the Trial Division of the Supreme Court of Victoria if the relevant decision was made the president of the Children’s Court.

IVO Appeals are heard in the Court of Appeal if the relevant decision was made by the Chief Magistrate in the Magistrates' Court, or the Childrens Court, which is a dual commission holder.


Q. Will I get a criminal record?


No, but if you are found guilty of breaching an intervention order, you may get a criminal record.

Q. Will I lose my firearm licence?


If a final order is made against you, you will be banned from having a gun for five years or more. 

A judicial officer can also put a condition in the order that cancels any gun or weapon permits you have. The police can also search for firearms and other weapons and remove any they find.

You can apply to the court to keep or ask for a gun licence by completing an application to be deemed a non-prohibited person. If a judicial officer has made a condition on an order that you can’t have a gun, you won’t be able to apply. 

Last updated on 19 Oct 2023
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